Psoriasis is an inflammation of the skin characterized by a red rash, dry, thick, scaly skin that peels easily. Sometimes, psoriasis is also accompanied by itching and pain. Psoriasis is a type of disease that can be experienced by anyone, but it is more common in people aged 15-35 years. This disease is not contagious, so direct contact with the rash on the sufferer’s skin will not cause a person to develop this disease. You can visit our website to get psoriasis free for life.
Patients can experience symptoms for a few days or several weeks, then the symptoms disappear for a while until they finally reappear. Symptoms will appear if the patient is re-exposed to the trigger factor. The cause of psoriasis is not known with certainty, but it is thought to be related to immune system disorders and heredity. Although the cause is not known, several factors are thought to trigger psoriasis symptoms, namely experiencing stress, throat infections, or cold weather.
Doctors can usually detect psoriasis by the form of skin rash that appears, along with its location and symptoms. If there is any suspicion that the rash is caused by another disease, a dermatologist may take a sample of skin tissue for examination.
There are four types of treatment that can be done to treat psoriasis, namely:
1. Use of topical drugs (cream or ointment)
This treatment aims to relieve itching and inflammation, reduce scaly skin, and inhibit the formation of new skin cells. Some types of creams or ointments that can be used are emollients, corticosteroids, tacrolimus, and dithranol.
2. Light therapy (phototherapy)
This procedure is performed if psoriasis cannot be treated with topical medications. Phototherapy is carried out by a dermatologist, using ultraviolet light. Especially for UVA, light therapy will be combined with psoralen type drugs, such as methoxsalen, to make the skin more sensitive to the effects of UV rays.
3. Drinking medicine
This therapy is used when creams and light therapy are not effective in treating psoriasis. Several types of drugs used are methotrexate and ciclosporin.